Photoshop pdf keep text mac

Photoshop How could I paste a (rtf/pdf/word) text while

Photoshop pdf keep text mac

How To Edit PDF on Mac YouTube. Utilisez le Guide de l’utilisateur d’Adobe Photoshop pour développer vos connaissances et pour obtenir des instructions détaillées. Sélectionnez la rubrique de votre choix sur la gauche de l’écran pour accéder aux articles et tutoriels ou commencez ci-dessous., Affinity Photo is a past Apple Mac App of the Year Winner and the professional tool has everything you’d expect in a premium photo-editing product.. Use it to edit and retouch images as well as create multi-layer pieces. The professional corrections and adjustments tools rival any other app out there and it has a great noise-reduction filter..

How to Extract Text or Images From a PDF File

Modification du texte dans Photoshop. 04/04/2014В В· By default, Acrobat will save the recognized text inside the original file when you OCR a PDF, and if you OCR an image it'll save the image with its text in a new PDF file. Either way, the recognized text will show up in any PDF reader afterwards, just as if it was an original digital document., Note: If Photoshop crashes before you can run this script, the cause is most likely in the operating system, and less likely in Photoshop. In these cases, perform the other solutions in the document. Right-click (Windows) or Control-click (Mac OS) the FontTest.jsx.zip file below..

If you wondering how this happens. When you want to type a text in Photoshop using the text tool, select the text tool T then click somewhere in the screen to start typing, but if you clicked then dragged, it will become a text box. 16/08/2016 · I will show how to make text stand out, and then we will make background look nice and add color effect . For background i will also show how you …

Create awesome text effects with these free Photoshop text styles with the click of a button. Styles are Photoshop files that contain preset configurations to instantly get a ready made effect with the click of a button. In this compilation we have collected 30 Amazing Free Photoshop Text Styles & Effects. So speed up your design process with Dans Adobe Photoshop, apprenez à modifier, rechercher, remplacer, mettre à l’échelle et faire pivoter du texte, vérifier l’orthographe et réaliser d’autres tâches de modification de texte.

Affiches, packaging, banniГЁres, sites web... Tous vos projets de crГ©ation commencent dans Photoshop. Associez des photos et du texte pour produire de nouvelles images. Travaillez avec un nombre illimitГ© de calques et de masques. Et peignez Г  l'aide d'un stylet ou du doigt sur votre iPad comme avec des pinceaux sur une toile. 04/04/2014В В· By default, Acrobat will save the recognized text inside the original file when you OCR a PDF, and if you OCR an image it'll save the image with its text in a new PDF file. Either way, the recognized text will show up in any PDF reader afterwards, just as if it was an original digital document.

It seems like PDF/x rasterizes the layers too. The layout needs to be created in Adobe Photoshop unfortunately, and all I have on hand is a Photoshop file with layers. Is it possible to keep the vector quality of Photoshop text layers and objects when exporting to PDF, and get the quality of an Illustrator or InDesign file easily? Learn how to convert PDF to Word in 5 simple steps with Adobe Acrobat DC. You can easily convert your PDF files to editable Word documents. Start with free trial today!

Utilisez le Guide de l’utilisateur d’Adobe Photoshop pour développer vos connaissances et pour obtenir des instructions détaillées. Sélectionnez la rubrique de votre choix sur la gauche de l’écran pour accéder aux articles et tutoriels ou commencez ci-dessous. Create awesome text effects with these free Photoshop text styles with the click of a button. Styles are Photoshop files that contain preset configurations to instantly get a ready made effect with the click of a button. In this compilation we have collected 30 Amazing Free Photoshop Text Styles & Effects. So speed up your design process with

Having to pay a monthly fee to use Photoshop infuriated lots of people, leaving them disillusioned and on the hunt for a better way. While Photoshop is still the king of hardcore image manipulation, the truth is that, in 2015, there are lots of great alternatives available for Mac OS X. Some are completely free, and others cost money, though Open a PDF file containing a scanned image in Acrobat for Mac or PC. Click on the “Edit PDF” tool in the right pane. Acrobat automatically applies optical character recognition (OCR) to your document and converts it to a fully editable copy of your PDF. Click the text element you wish to edit and start typing. New text matches the look of

16/08/2016 · I will show how to make text stand out, and then we will make background look nice and add color effect . For background i will also show how you … Utilisez le Guide de l’utilisateur d’Adobe Photoshop pour développer vos connaissances et pour obtenir des instructions détaillées. Sélectionnez la rubrique de votre choix sur la gauche de l’écran pour accéder aux articles et tutoriels ou commencez ci-dessous.

04/04/2014 · By default, Acrobat will save the recognized text inside the original file when you OCR a PDF, and if you OCR an image it'll save the image with its text in a new PDF file. Either way, the recognized text will show up in any PDF reader afterwards, just as if it was an original digital document. Acrobat DC vous permet de convertir des fichiers PDF en texte grâce à un logiciel de reconnaissance optique des caractères (OCR). Testez la version d’essai gratuite et convertissez facilement des documents numérisés en PDF.

29/07/2017 · GSmanimsmart gives a tutorial on how to fix pixelated text in Adobe Photoshop with some easy solutions and even an Illustrator vector solution. Subscribe fo... When you create text in Adobe Photoshop Creative Suite 5, the text is created on its own layer. By having the text separate from the rest of the image, applying different styles and blending modes to customize the type, as well as repositioning the text, is simplified. To create a text layer, choose the Type […]

16/06/2016 · Here is the list of manipulations that you can do with your PDF: To copy the whole text or part for the text, make your text selection, then use the “Edit” menu on top pf your Preview app and 16/08/2016 · I will show how to make text stand out, and then we will make background look nice and add color effect . For background i will also show how you …

15/04/2016В В· In this video I'll be showing you how to add text to an image. It's done in the photo editing software called Photoshop CC 2014. You can use Adobe Photoshop Let's look at how to reset the Photoshop Preferences using a method that works with all versions of Photoshop. First, quit Photoshop. On a Windows PC, go up to the File menu in the Menu Bar along the top of the screen and choose Exit. On a Mac, go up to the Photoshop menu in the Menu Bar and choose Quit Photoshop:

It was really easy to use but for whatever reason, newer versions of the software no longer have this option. While this particular option is no longer available you can still use Photoshop’s later versions to combine multiple images into a single PDF file. Here’s how. Open a PDF file containing a scanned image in Acrobat for Mac or PC. Click on the “Edit PDF” tool in the right pane. Acrobat automatically applies optical character recognition (OCR) to your document and converts it to a fully editable copy of your PDF. Click the text element you wish to edit and start typing. New text matches the look of

The 10 Best Photoshop Alternatives for Mac (2020) Design

Photoshop pdf keep text mac

36 tutoriels Photoshop gratuits à découvrir pour 2019. 25/04/2019 · Les actions Photoshop peuvent vous faire gagner beaucoup de temps si vous exécutez régulièrement les mêmes actions sur une image. C’est également un très bon moyen pour partager facilement et rapidement leurs techniques favorites. Aujourd'hui, nous allons voir comment créer sa propre action et la présentation de 100 d'entre elles qui sont gratuites et que vous pourrez utiliser, PDF files are great for exchanging formatted files across platforms and between folks who don't use the same software, but sometimes we need to take text or images out of a PDF file and use them in web pages, word processing documents, PowerPoint presentations, or in desktop publishing software..

Guide de l’utilisateur de Photoshop Adobe Inc.. Learn how to convert PDF to Word in 5 simple steps with Adobe Acrobat DC. You can easily convert your PDF files to editable Word documents. Start with free trial today!, 25/04/2019 · Les actions Photoshop peuvent vous faire gagner beaucoup de temps si vous exécutez régulièrement les mêmes actions sur une image. C’est également un très bon moyen pour partager facilement et rapidement leurs techniques favorites. Aujourd'hui, nous allons voir comment créer sa propre action et la présentation de 100 d'entre elles qui sont gratuites et que vous pourrez utiliser.

100 Actions Photoshop Gratuites (et Comment

Photoshop pdf keep text mac

adobe Psd to pdf selectable text - Stack Overflow. Affinity Photo is a past Apple Mac App of the Year Winner and the professional tool has everything you’d expect in a premium photo-editing product.. Use it to edit and retouch images as well as create multi-layer pieces. The professional corrections and adjustments tools rival any other app out there and it has a great noise-reduction filter. 03/04/2014 · Converting the JPG to PDF helps to keep everything – including images, text, and spreadsheets – in one particular format, making it easier to switch between the three during your presentation. And if you do convert your JPG image into a PDF format, you’ll be able to include all JPGs, text and spreadsheets in one easy to read PDF file.

Photoshop pdf keep text mac


Select and copy text in a PDF in Preview on Mac. You can select and copy text from a PDF opened in Preview, then paste it into another document such as an email message or text document. When I try to copy a text keeping the formatting from web/acrobat/word (or whereveer) to Photoshop, it doesn't keep the formatting, the text is copied unformattedly. I'm using SiteGrinder and I'm making a site in Photoshop. Editing text from other programs is important. Do anyone have any idea to solve the problem? []'s John

29/07/2017 · GSmanimsmart gives a tutorial on how to fix pixelated text in Adobe Photoshop with some easy solutions and even an Illustrator vector solution. Subscribe fo... 25/04/2019 · Les actions Photoshop peuvent vous faire gagner beaucoup de temps si vous exécutez régulièrement les mêmes actions sur une image. C’est également un très bon moyen pour partager facilement et rapidement leurs techniques favorites. Aujourd'hui, nous allons voir comment créer sa propre action et la présentation de 100 d'entre elles qui sont gratuites et que vous pourrez utiliser

When I try to copy a text keeping the formatting from web/acrobat/word (or whereveer) to Photoshop, it doesn't keep the formatting, the text is copied unformattedly. I'm using SiteGrinder and I'm making a site in Photoshop. Editing text from other programs is important. Do anyone have any idea to solve the problem? []'s John 03/04/2014 · Converting the JPG to PDF helps to keep everything – including images, text, and spreadsheets – in one particular format, making it easier to switch between the three during your presentation. And if you do convert your JPG image into a PDF format, you’ll be able to include all JPGs, text and spreadsheets in one easy to read PDF file

Krita is a professional FREE and open source painting program. It is made by artists that want to see affordable art tools for everyone. concept art If you wondering how this happens. When you want to type a text in Photoshop using the text tool, select the text tool T then click somewhere in the screen to start typing, but if you clicked then dragged, it will become a text box.

04/04/2014В В· By default, Acrobat will save the recognized text inside the original file when you OCR a PDF, and if you OCR an image it'll save the image with its text in a new PDF file. Either way, the recognized text will show up in any PDF reader afterwards, just as if it was an original digital document. It seems like PDF/x rasterizes the layers too. The layout needs to be created in Adobe Photoshop unfortunately, and all I have on hand is a Photoshop file with layers. Is it possible to keep the vector quality of Photoshop text layers and objects when exporting to PDF, and get the quality of an Illustrator or InDesign file easily?

Open a PDF file containing a scanned image in Acrobat for Mac or PC. Click on the “Edit PDF” tool in the right pane. Acrobat automatically applies optical character recognition (OCR) to your document and converts it to a fully editable copy of your PDF. Click the text element you wish to edit and start typing. New text matches the look of If you want the text as a continuous text from copying the pdf text then you have to go under edit pdf and click on edit. 2. These boxes around the text should appear and so you can now copy the text and the whole text should be copied without that space after each line that is shown in the pdf. I sent two screenshots on how you can do it too.

05/04/2012 · PDF Dokumente sind sehr nützlich, vor allem zum Austausch von Dokumenten im Internet. Das liegt vor allem daran, dass so viele verschiedene Medien eingebettet werden können und … 15/04/2016 · In this video I'll be showing you how to add text to an image. It's done in the photo editing software called Photoshop CC 2014. You can use Adobe Photoshop

Photoshop CC 2019 Tutorials – Comprehensive Guide To Adobe

Photoshop pdf keep text mac

Photoshop CC Text tool is not working (Mac) Photoshop. When I try to copy a text keeping the formatting from web/acrobat/word (or whereveer) to Photoshop, it doesn't keep the formatting, the text is copied unformattedly. I'm using SiteGrinder and I'm making a site in Photoshop. Editing text from other programs is important. Do anyone have any idea to solve the problem? []'s John, 14/05/2019В В· DГ©couvrez une sГ©lection de tutoriels Photoshop gratuits avec des sujets variГ©s comme la crГ©ation d'effets, la maГ®trise de l'interface, la retouche photo et bien d'autres domaines pour faire progresser vos compГ©tences graphiques sur le logiciel phare d'adobe..

adobe Psd to pdf selectable text - Stack Overflow

JPG to PDF in Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Acrobat. 25/04/2019 · Les actions Photoshop peuvent vous faire gagner beaucoup de temps si vous exécutez régulièrement les mêmes actions sur une image. C’est également un très bon moyen pour partager facilement et rapidement leurs techniques favorites. Aujourd'hui, nous allons voir comment créer sa propre action et la présentation de 100 d'entre elles qui sont gratuites et que vous pourrez utiliser, When making circular text with photoshop CS6, for example: Circular written text. Now, when I want to save my project as PDF the text is getting turned, for example: Turned letters, but the same circular path . Does anyone know what is going wrong?.

Create awesome text effects with these free Photoshop text styles with the click of a button. Styles are Photoshop files that contain preset configurations to instantly get a ready made effect with the click of a button. In this compilation we have collected 30 Amazing Free Photoshop Text Styles & Effects. So speed up your design process with Photoshop CS6 64bit (Creative Cloud) .pdfs are not displaying correctly for me in Acrobat Reader or Acrobat Pro since the last update to Photoshop! The .pdf will display in Photoshop perfectly, but not in Acrobat or other PDF readers. For me, some text is greyed out and some is completely missing. I have tested saving as pdf from Photoshop CS6 with files that WERE saving as pdf with no problem

05/04/2012 · PDF Dokumente sind sehr nützlich, vor allem zum Austausch von Dokumenten im Internet. Das liegt vor allem daran, dass so viele verschiedene Medien eingebettet werden können und … Adobe Photoshop, l'outil de création graphique et de retouche photo de référence, revient en version CC (Creative Cloud). Au chapitre des nouveautés, l'application ajoute

Note: If Photoshop crashes before you can run this script, the cause is most likely in the operating system, and less likely in Photoshop. In these cases, perform the other solutions in the document. Right-click (Windows) or Control-click (Mac OS) the FontTest.jsx.zip file below. 16/08/2018 · Actually i have made an image for my website using photoshop but some of my colleagues want to copy some text from the image. So, I have tried to save as pdf from photoshop but the text in not selectable, Is there any way in the settings before saving as pdf …

Open a PDF file containing a scanned image in Acrobat for Mac or PC. Click on the “Edit PDF” tool in the right pane. Acrobat automatically applies optical character recognition (OCR) to your document and converts it to a fully editable copy of your PDF. Click the text element you wish to edit and start typing. New text matches the look of Télécharger & installer photoshop. Si Photoshop n'est pas déjà installé sur votre PC ou Mac, il va falloir l'ajouter. Il s'agit d'un logiciel payant, mais il existe une version d'évaluation qui permet de l'utiliser gratuitement pendant 30 jours : télécharger photoshop. L'installation est très simple, il …

If you want the text as a continuous text from copying the pdf text then you have to go under edit pdf and click on edit. 2. These boxes around the text should appear and so you can now copy the text and the whole text should be copied without that space after each line that is shown in the pdf. I sent two screenshots on how you can do it too. In Adobe Photoshop CS6, you can make global changes in a text layer, switching all occurrences of a set of characters to another string. For example, you might have typed Ghandi a few dozen times before remembering that Mahatma’s name is spelled Gandhi. To replace text, follow these steps: Open a saved image or create […]

If you wondering how this happens. When you want to type a text in Photoshop using the text tool, select the text tool T then click somewhere in the screen to start typing, but if you clicked then dragged, it will become a text box. In Photoshop CC 2019, the reference point is hidden and you can enable it by checking the reference point check box. Auto-Commit Crop, Transform, Place, and Text entry. In Photoshop CC 2019, you now have the ability to Auto-Commit changes by simply clicking outside the object boundaries, or …

In Adobe Photoshop CS6, you can make global changes in a text layer, switching all occurrences of a set of characters to another string. For example, you might have typed Ghandi a few dozen times before remembering that Mahatma’s name is spelled Gandhi. To replace text, follow these steps: Open a saved image or create […] 14/05/2019 · Découvrez une sélection de tutoriels Photoshop gratuits avec des sujets variés comme la création d'effets, la maîtrise de l'interface, la retouche photo et bien d'autres domaines pour faire progresser vos compétences graphiques sur le logiciel phare d'adobe.

16/06/2016 · Here is the list of manipulations that you can do with your PDF: To copy the whole text or part for the text, make your text selection, then use the “Edit” menu on top pf your Preview app and If you want the text as a continuous text from copying the pdf text then you have to go under edit pdf and click on edit. 2. These boxes around the text should appear and so you can now copy the text and the whole text should be copied without that space after each line that is shown in the pdf. I sent two screenshots on how you can do it too.

Affinity Photo is a past Apple Mac App of the Year Winner and the professional tool has everything you’d expect in a premium photo-editing product.. Use it to edit and retouch images as well as create multi-layer pieces. The professional corrections and adjustments tools rival any other app out there and it has a great noise-reduction filter. Adobe Photoshop, l'outil de création graphique et de retouche photo de référence, revient en version CC (Creative Cloud). Au chapitre des nouveautés, l'application ajoute

If you wondering how this happens. When you want to type a text in Photoshop using the text tool, select the text tool T then click somewhere in the screen to start typing, but if you clicked then dragged, it will become a text box. 14/05/2019В В· DГ©couvrez une sГ©lection de tutoriels Photoshop gratuits avec des sujets variГ©s comme la crГ©ation d'effets, la maГ®trise de l'interface, la retouche photo et bien d'autres domaines pour faire progresser vos compГ©tences graphiques sur le logiciel phare d'adobe.

03/04/2014 · Converting the JPG to PDF helps to keep everything – including images, text, and spreadsheets – in one particular format, making it easier to switch between the three during your presentation. And if you do convert your JPG image into a PDF format, you’ll be able to include all JPGs, text and spreadsheets in one easy to read PDF file Utilisez le Guide de l’utilisateur d’Adobe Photoshop pour développer vos connaissances et pour obtenir des instructions détaillées. Sélectionnez la rubrique de votre choix sur la gauche de l’écran pour accéder aux articles et tutoriels ou commencez ci-dessous.

16/08/2018 · Actually i have made an image for my website using photoshop but some of my colleagues want to copy some text from the image. So, I have tried to save as pdf from photoshop but the text in not selectable, Is there any way in the settings before saving as pdf … 04/04/2014 · By default, Acrobat will save the recognized text inside the original file when you OCR a PDF, and if you OCR an image it'll save the image with its text in a new PDF file. Either way, the recognized text will show up in any PDF reader afterwards, just as if it was an original digital document.

16/08/2016 · I will show how to make text stand out, and then we will make background look nice and add color effect . For background i will also show how you … Grâce au tout nouveau logiciel Adobe Photoshop et à Adobe ImageReady, son application de création Web intégrée, obtenez en un tournemain des résultats in&eacut...

Adobe Photoshop Pixelated Text How to Fix Jagged. 16/08/2018 · Actually i have made an image for my website using photoshop but some of my colleagues want to copy some text from the image. So, I have tried to save as pdf from photoshop but the text in not selectable, Is there any way in the settings before saving as pdf …, If you wondering how this happens. When you want to type a text in Photoshop using the text tool, select the text tool T then click somewhere in the screen to start typing, but if you clicked then dragged, it will become a text box..

Adobe Photoshop CC How To Add Text To An Image EASILY

Photoshop pdf keep text mac

Photoshop is changing text when saving as PDF Graphic. Adobe Photoshop, l'outil de création graphique et de retouche photo de référence, revient en version CC (Creative Cloud). Au chapitre des nouveautés, l'application ajoute, 05/04/2012 · PDF Dokumente sind sehr nützlich, vor allem zum Austausch von Dokumenten im Internet. Das liegt vor allem daran, dass so viele verschiedene Medien eingebettet werden können und ….

15 Cours Adobe Photoshop en PDF Г  tГ©lГ©charger. Affiches, packaging, banniГЁres, sites web... Tous vos projets de crГ©ation commencent dans Photoshop. Associez des photos et du texte pour produire de nouvelles images. Travaillez avec un nombre illimitГ© de calques et de masques. Et peignez Г  l'aide d'un stylet ou du doigt sur votre iPad comme avec des pinceaux sur une toile., PDF files are great for exchanging formatted files across platforms and between folks who don't use the same software, but sometimes we need to take text or images out of a PDF file and use them in web pages, word processing documents, PowerPoint presentations, or in desktop publishing software..

30 Amazing Free Photoshop Text Styles & Effects

Photoshop pdf keep text mac

How to Find and Replace Text in Photoshop CS6 dummies. It seems like PDF/x rasterizes the layers too. The layout needs to be created in Adobe Photoshop unfortunately, and all I have on hand is a Photoshop file with layers. Is it possible to keep the vector quality of Photoshop text layers and objects when exporting to PDF, and get the quality of an Illustrator or InDesign file easily? Create awesome text effects with these free Photoshop text styles with the click of a button. Styles are Photoshop files that contain preset configurations to instantly get a ready made effect with the click of a button. In this compilation we have collected 30 Amazing Free Photoshop Text Styles & Effects. So speed up your design process with.

Photoshop pdf keep text mac

  • 30 Amazing Free Photoshop Text Styles & Effects
  • Photoshop is changing text when saving as PDF Graphic
  • Photoshop is changing text when saving as PDF Graphic
  • 36 tutoriels Photoshop gratuits Г  dГ©couvrir pour 2019

  • Open a PDF file containing a scanned image in Acrobat for Mac or PC. Click on the “Edit PDF” tool in the right pane. Acrobat automatically applies optical character recognition (OCR) to your document and converts it to a fully editable copy of your PDF. Click the text element you wish to edit and start typing. New text matches the look of Create awesome text effects with these free Photoshop text styles with the click of a button. Styles are Photoshop files that contain preset configurations to instantly get a ready made effect with the click of a button. In this compilation we have collected 30 Amazing Free Photoshop Text Styles & Effects. So speed up your design process with

    PDF files are great for exchanging formatted files across platforms and between folks who don't use the same software, but sometimes we need to take text or images out of a PDF file and use them in web pages, word processing documents, PowerPoint presentations, or in desktop publishing software. Affiches, packaging, banniГЁres, sites web... Tous vos projets de crГ©ation commencent dans Photoshop. Associez des photos et du texte pour produire de nouvelles images. Travaillez avec un nombre illimitГ© de calques et de masques. Et peignez Г  l'aide d'un stylet ou du doigt sur votre iPad comme avec des pinceaux sur une toile.

    In Photoshop CC 2019, the reference point is hidden and you can enable it by checking the reference point check box. Auto-Commit Crop, Transform, Place, and Text entry. In Photoshop CC 2019, you now have the ability to Auto-Commit changes by simply clicking outside the object boundaries, or … Note: If Photoshop crashes before you can run this script, the cause is most likely in the operating system, and less likely in Photoshop. In these cases, perform the other solutions in the document. Right-click (Windows) or Control-click (Mac OS) the FontTest.jsx.zip file below.

    Utilisez le Guide de l’utilisateur d’Adobe Photoshop pour développer vos connaissances et pour obtenir des instructions détaillées. Sélectionnez la rubrique de votre choix sur la gauche de l’écran pour accéder aux articles et tutoriels ou commencez ci-dessous. 03/04/2014 · Converting the JPG to PDF helps to keep everything – including images, text, and spreadsheets – in one particular format, making it easier to switch between the three during your presentation. And if you do convert your JPG image into a PDF format, you’ll be able to include all JPGs, text and spreadsheets in one easy to read PDF file

    Utilisez le Guide de l’utilisateur d’Adobe Photoshop pour développer vos connaissances et pour obtenir des instructions détaillées. Sélectionnez la rubrique de votre choix sur la gauche de l’écran pour accéder aux articles et tutoriels ou commencez ci-dessous. Krita is a professional FREE and open source painting program. It is made by artists that want to see affordable art tools for everyone. concept art

    Utilisez le Guide de l’utilisateur d’Adobe Photoshop pour développer vos connaissances et pour obtenir des instructions détaillées. Sélectionnez la rubrique de votre choix sur la gauche de l’écran pour accéder aux articles et tutoriels ou commencez ci-dessous. At Photoshop Essentials, anyone can learn Photoshop, and now with our print-ready PDF versions, it's never been easier!

    Krita is a professional FREE and open source painting program. It is made by artists that want to see affordable art tools for everyone. concept art It was really easy to use but for whatever reason, newer versions of the software no longer have this option. While this particular option is no longer available you can still use Photoshop’s later versions to combine multiple images into a single PDF file. Here’s how.